Commercial

Glossary

术语表是在您每月腾博会登录账单上找到的术语和定义的列表.  

Billing Demand
就电表而言,用以计算帐单的用电需求水平(kW, kVA, or Horsepower). 它可能与利率表中提供的实际月度需求读数不同. If the billing demand is zero, as with residential accounts, 这意味着没有单独的收费.
BTU (British Thermal Units)
A BTU is the amount of thermal energy required to raise the temperature of one (1) pound of water by one (1) degree Fahrenheit. MMBTU等于1百万BTU.
Cost of Gas (COG)
实际批发汽油的总成本, 上游州际管道费用, 和调整,以真实向上的前期超额收款或不足收款, supplier refunds, etc. The intent of the COG is to flow through exactly the amount paid for gas in the wholesale markets over time. However, the effect of the adjustments usually results in a current month cost that is above or below the actual wholesale market.
Customer Charge
A fixed amount to be paid without regard to instantaneous demand or total energy used in the month. In theory the customer charge should cover costs directly related to serving a customer regardless of sales volume. 一些成本包括仪表成本, meter reading, 庭院管线和压力调节器(气体用), 变压器和服务下降(电力), maintenance of meters, regulators, 变压器和服务下降, billing, customer service, etc. In reality, 客户费用不包括所有这些费用, 所以剩下的都包含在送货费里了.
Distribution
为电力的局部移动而收取的电力输送费用的一部分. 腾博会登录公司包括其运行在34个以下的线路和变电站的成本,000 volts in this category. Other costs of operating the electric utility are included here because many customer specific fixed costs are not fully covered by the "customer charge". 从这个意义上讲,术语分发实际上是指“分发和本地服务”。.
Electric Delivery Charges
Midwest Energy charges for moving electrical power from the point of connection on the Midwest Energy grid to the customer's premise as well as ancillary charges associated with power delivery. 这些费用包括了散装货物, 电力的高压移动(传输)以及局部输送(配电).
Energy Charge
The expected cost of wholesale power purchased by Midwest Energy for wholesale power suppliers on behalf of its customers. When this charge is different than the average actual cost for power paid to the wholesale suppliers, the Energy Cost Adjustment acts as a correction factor to ensure that Midwest Energy collects no more than it actually pays for wholesale power over time.
Energy Cost Adjustment (ECA)
The difference between the actual costs for wholesale power purchased by Midwest Energy on behalf of its customers and the Production Charges in rates. The ECA includes any true-up amounts from prior periods if Midwest collected either more or less than it actually paid for wholesale power. The purpose of the ECA is to ensure that Midwest Energy collects no more and no less than the actual cost of wholesale power over time. However, the effect of the ECA in any given month is to make the total Production Charges either slightly more or slightly less than actual wholesale power costs. In addition, ECA将包括为腾博会登录公司旗下发电厂提供燃料的所有成本.
Gas Open Access
A situation where natural gas producers (or marketers) are allowed to sell their production directly to retail customers while depending on the local utility to provide the actual delivery of the gas. 天然气开放访问目前在堪萨斯州不允许腾博会登录客户.
Horsepower Charge
用电需求等于0的一种瞬时量度.8285 kW. 腾博会登录公司只对电力灌溉客户使用这种测量方法.
Kilovolt-ampere (kVA)
一种相当于千伏安的电力需求的瞬时量度. 当电压和电流完全相同时,kVA的需求将等于kW的需求. 产生磁场的电力负载(电动机、照明镇流器等).)使电流滞后于电压, 通过降低功率因数和增加安培拉力来达到同样的效果. Large commercial, 油田和工业用户可以通过安装电容器来解决这个问题.
Kilowatt (kW)
一千瓦,瞬间测量. (See definition of "Watt".腾博会登录公司根据电力需求买单, 这是15分钟内的平均需求. In many cases, Midwest Energy衡量需求的单位略有不同, called kVA (kilovolt-ampere). 除了需求,kVA计费还包括考虑客户的功率因数.
Kilowatt-hour (kWh)
一小时电能的基本单位,相当于一千瓦. For example, ten 100 watt light bulbs will use one kWh in one hour (10 bulbs x 100 watts x one hour = 1000 watt-hours, or one kWh). 用于电阻式器具,如烤面包机或便携式加热器, one kWh is equal to 3,413 BTUs.
Local Generation
Electricity generation charges associated with the physical upkeep and depreciation of generation facilities owned by Midwest Energy. 当地的发电费用不包括这些电厂使用的燃料成本. 燃料费用列入能源费用调整(ECA).
Meter Multiplier
For electric meters, this is the ratio of the customer's total load to the amount of the load flowing through the meter. 腾博会登录、农场和小型商业用表的乘数通常为1. 这意味着所有使用的电力流过仪表. 大型商业企业使用的电量, oil field and industrial accounts is too large to flow through the meter without destroying it. For these, Midwest Energy installs devices that cause a known percentage of the actual load to flow through the meter. The meter multiplier times the change in beginning and ending meter readings is equal to the actual energy use.
Off-Peak Hours
一年中除了高峰时段以外的所有时段.
On-Peak Hours
腾博会登录公司一年中对电力需求特别高的时段. These hours are from 2:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.从6月到8月的周一到周六.
Power Factor
The fraction of power actually used by a customer's electrical equipment compared to the total apparent power supplied, 通常用百分数表示. A power factor indicates how far a customer's electrical equipment causes the electric current delivered at the customer's site to be out of phase with the voltage.
Rate Code
Refers to the particular Kansas Corporation Commission approved rate schedule from which charges are based. 查阅由费率代码识别的特定费率表副本, see the electric and natural gas rate schedules in the Energy Choices section of this web site.
Retail Wheeling
A situation where electric energy producers (or marketers) are allowed to sell their production directly to retail customers while depending on the local utility to provide the actual delivery of the energy. 零售车轮目前在堪萨斯州是不允许的.
Therm
The basic unit of natural gas consumption that measures the quantity of gas energy flowing through the pipes. One (1) therm is equal to 100,000 BTU's (British Thermal Units); ten (10) therms equal one (1) MMBtu or one million BTU.
Transmission
为电力的大量移动而收取的电力输送费用的一部分. 腾博会登录公司包括其线路和变电站的成本,这些线路和变电站的运营成本为34美元,在这个类别中,000伏特及以上.
运输或仅运输服务
Natural gas service where the customer arranges for natural gas to be delivered to the Midwest Energy system by a gas marketer on the customer's behalf. 然后,腾博会登录公司将天然气输送给客户,而不需要拥有天然气的所有权. Transportation service is not available for Midwest Energy's residential customers at this time.
Unbundling
The process of separating the total cost of electric or natural gas service into its functional parts. In the electric industry, 这意味着将电力成本分为(1)生产(发电), (2)传输(动力批量移动), (3)配送(本地配送), 计量及计费服务). 传送和分配通常被称为“传送”. In the gas industry, unbundling the gas service separates costs for the gas (1) production (the natural gas commodity), (2)输送(通过州际管道将气体从一地区大量输送到另一地区), 和配送(本地配送), metering and billing). For billing purposes, Midwest Energy combines production costs and upstream interstate pipeline costs into the Purchased Gas Adjustment.
Usage Factor
For gas meters, 这是仪表出口的使用压力值的结果, local atmospheric pressure, and BTU content of the fuel, 将仪表读数从容积测量转换为温度表. Billing for thermal content instead of volumes is important because there are periodic changes in the heat content of gas arriving from upstream interstate pipelines. Call your local Midwest Energy office for a flyer that explains the usage factor equation in detail.
Watt
能量传递的速率等于一安培流过一伏特的电流. 这是瞬时测量, similar to vehicle speed measured in miles per hour or water flow measured in gallons per minute. 如果电流和电压完全一致,瓦等于伏特乘以安培. (见千伏安和功率因数的定义.)
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